Make personal application of some of the terms you have studied., This personal application of concepts learned is one of the things that makes psychology such an interesting area of study. Not all courses of study have such a direct application to our own lives. You will select four (4) of the following terms or concepts. You will read and research at least three scholarly sources and then identify, discuss and place each concept in proper context. After you have identified each concept you will then explain ways each concept can be applied to your own life with examples. I hope you enjoy your research and the personal application.
Please select four of the following concepts or theories.
- Social changes in life-span development
- Positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement and punishment
- Issues related to gender and sexuality
- Motivation and emotion
- Health psychology, stress and coping strategies
- Psychological Disorders and other Mental Health Issues
- Concepts of interpersonal relationships
You are required to write at least 800 words. Please use the APA format, cites and list at least three (3) sources. You are not required to include an abstract. 3. Please NO PLAGIARIZING !!!
Here are some websites that may be helpful to you:
- NAMI: https://www.nami.org/learn-more/mental-health-conditions
- Psychology Information Online: http://www.psychologyinfo.com/problems/
- AllPsych Online, Virtual Psychology: http://allpsych.com/disorders/index.html
- Psych Crawler Search Engine: http://www.fidnet.com/~weid/disorders.htm
- Psych Central: http://www.psychcentral.com/
Assignment Requirements (Use as a checklist):
- Use a 12 pt Arial or Times New Roman Font
- Minimum of 800 words. No more than 1,000 words
- Minimum of three (3) cited sources
- Use APA format and parenthetical citations right after cited material (See below)
- Make sure your name is on your paper
What is a parenthetical citation right after the material you cited?
It is when you place the source in parenthesis ( ) right after the sentence you cited instead of waiting until the end of the paper. It helps the reader to know exactly what sentences and paragraphs are taken from particular sources.
Example: Place the author’s name and the source’s date of publication in parentheses immediately after the end of the cited material.
- Psychology is defined as the science of behavior and mental processes (Coon, p. 12)
- Families with no telephone service have difficulty accessing social services for which they are qualified (Benton Foundation, 1998, chap. 2, “Societal Priorities”). http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/cite6.html
- Use spell and grammar check
- Make sure you indented paragraphs (5 spaces in)
- Balance – Each paragraph should be similar in length
Parenthetical (In-Text) Citations
A parenthetical (in-text) citation is when you place the source in parenthesis ( ) right after the sentence you cited instead of waiting until the end of the paper. It helps the reader to know exactly what sentences and paragraphs are taken from particular sources.
Place the author’s name and the source’s date of publication in parentheses immediately after the end of the cited material. If it is a direct quote, include the page number as well. For example: “Psychology is defined as the science of behavior and mental processes” (Coon, 2012 p. 12).
If you have paraphrased the information then you do not need to include the page number. For example: Psychology is a scientific field that specifically studies both mental processes and the associated behaviors (Coon, 2012).
- Always use spell and grammar check
- Make sure you indented the paragraphs (5 spaces in)
- Balance – Each paragraph should be similar in length
- Review the APA video and resource in Student Resources under Course Home
- You can send your paper to the Keiser OWL (Online Writing Lab) for review and to ask for help.
A Quick Guide to Referencing Sources
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Example: Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Article or Chapter in an Edited Book
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.
Example: O’Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.
Article from Library Database
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages.
Example: Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55(3), 893-896.
Note – If the article can also be found in print you do no need to provide the database or online location.
If there is a doi # that should also be given at the end of the reference.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. doi:0000000/000000000000
Example: Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(11/12), 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161
Article in Online Journal
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Bernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living Web. A list apart: For people who make websites, 149. Retrieved from http://www.alistapart.com/articles/writeliving
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Retrieved from http://webaddress.com
Example: Cressia, L. L. (1997). Copyright and fair use: Future of fair use. Retrieved from http://www.cas.usf.edu/english/walker/courses/fall97/concl.html
Web Page without Author
Bipolar disorder. National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder/complete-index.shtml
Online Lecture Notes or Presentation Slides
Hallam, A. Duality in consumer theory [PDF document]. Retrieved from Lecture Notes Online Web site: http://www.econ.iastate.edu/classes/econ501/Hallam/index.html
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
Example: Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Graphics, Audio, or Video Files
CBS News. (2006). MLK Jr.’s legacy [Video]. Available from http://www.cbsnews.com
For files without titles, use the file name instead.
press-image4.jpg [Graphic]. Retrieved from http://universe.nasa.gov/images/press-image4.jpg
Online Encyclopedias or Dictionaries
Feminism. (n.d.). In Encyclopædia Britannica online. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/724633/feminism
Bartow, A. (2006, March 26). Parody is fair use! Sivacracy.net. Retrieved from http://www.nyu.edu/classes/siva/
Psychology Video Blog #3 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqM90eQi5-M
Interview, Emails, or other Personal Communication
No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator’s name, the phrase “personal communication,” and the date of the communication in your main text only.
(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).
Example of how this would be presented as an in-text citation: E. Robbins also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, January 4, 2001).
Reference : Purdue Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from
A Few Other Helpful Websites on Referencing Sources
- APA Online – Electronic Resources: http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html
- The OWL (Online Writing Lab) at Keiser is a great resource! -They will read and help you edit your papers.
- APA Power Point Presentation under the Course Home heading of your Student Resources
- APA Citation Guide: How to cite anything in APA Format – Bib Me http://www.bibme.org/citation-guide/apa/
- Online Writing Lab at Purdue University: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/